It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. The agitation in the anti-Semitic press, as well as at anti-semitic meetings, where it was insinuated that the Jews had bribed or intimidated the authorities in order to prevent the discovery of the truth, compelled the government to arrest Buschoff and his family (14 October 1891). The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipalities of Alpen and Sonsbeck to the south, and the towns of Uedem and Kalkar to the west. Xanten is visited by approximately one million tourists a year. English: The reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park in Xanten (Germany, NRW). Xanten is twinned with Geel in Belgium, Saintes in France, Salisbury in the United Kingdom and Beit Sahour in the Palestinian National Authority. When the crossing of the Rhine finally succeeded on 24 March 1945, the Second World War was over for Xanten. Der Archäologische Park Xanten (APX) ist ein Freilichtmuseum bei Xanten am Niederrhein (Nordrhein-Westfalen). Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Date: 1 May 2009, 12:34:33 (according to Exif data) Source: Own work: Author: Andy1982: Licensing. The river even flooded and destroyed the locality of Birten several times. His feast day is October 10. Prang had already created a local group of the NSDAP in 1925. LVR-Archäologischer Park Xanten liegt 530 Meter westlich von Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. The colonia was a completely new town with a town wall and other buildings like an amphitheater. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Deutsch: Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten. In 1392 the northern part of the town came into the possession of the Dukes of Cleves, while the southern part remained with the Archbishopric of Cologne. The reconstruction of the town and the cathedral was influenced particularly by the archaeologist and monument conservationist Walter Bader, and lasted until 1966. In 1263 the foundation stone for the Gothic St. Victor cathedral was laid. Xanten (German pronunciation: [ˈksantən], Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Subsequently, in 310 in the area of the colonia a new town was established, named Tricensimae ("of the Thirtieth"), which was built on the nine central insula of the former colonia but fortified and more easily defended. Xanten [ˈksantən] (lat. Two massacres of Jews occurred during the First Crusade, on (1 and 27 June 1096). Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. The colonia became the second most important commercial post in the province of Germania Inferior, surpassed only by Colonia Agrippinensis (today's Cologne). Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. The fully enclosed amphitheatre was a particular favourite of the Romans and evolved from the two-sided stadiums and semicircular theatres of ancient Greece. The remaining opposition consisted of communists and liberal politicians lacking a clear political mandate. |Source=Eigenes Werk (own work) |Author=[[User:Andy1982|An, Flash did not fire, compulsory flash suppression. On 15 July 1228, Xanten was given town rights by the Archbishop of Cologne, Heinrich of Molenark. After that, the economic situation deteriorated more rapidly. In the same month the bombardment of the town had begun, killing civilians and destroying parts of Xanten. Es ist die größte Veranstaltung war der Standort des alten Vorgänger-Stadt des heutigen Nordrhein-Westfalen, Xanten, war eine Ovale Arena untergebracht, dass 10.000 Menschen. In May 1940, the German 256th infantry division was transferred to Xanten to take part in the forthcoming invasion of the Netherlands. Liste des amphithéâtres romains At the same time, the ruins of the Colonia Ulpia Traiana, which had been used as a quarry since the Roman settlement was given up, aroused the interest of archaeologists. In the course of the local re-organization in 1969, the localities Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Obermörmter, Vynen and Wardt were integrated into Xanten, so that around 16,000 inhabitants lived within the town boundaries. Xanten had a Jewish community in early medieval times. In 1460 a monastery of the Bridgettines was established, with an abbey church called St. Mariä Himmelfahrt (Assumption of Mary) which nowadays serves as a parish church. For these, see Ancient theatres. While Xanten, with its rich Viktor Convent, was still being besieged by Norsemen in 863, in 1122 the place already appears as part of a trading network at the Lower Rhine. At the beginning of the 5th century, assaults by Germanic tribes rapidly increased, with the result that Tricensimae was finally given up. Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. Eintrag zu Römisches Amphitheater in Birten in der Datenbank „KuLaDig“ des Landschaftsverbands Rheinland; Literatur. Deutsch: Auf dem Bild sieht man das nachgebaute Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park Xanten der Römerstadt Colonia Ulpia Traiana. On the latter occasion some Jews committed suicide in order to escape the fury of the Crusaders. CC BY-SA 3.0 Incidents in the area of the factory occurred in November 1942 and October 1944, causing the explosion of a portion of the stored ammunition, which cost several workers' lives. Amphitheater in Xanten (Deutschland) Im Archäologischen Park Xanten wird die antike Stadt Colonia Ulpia Traiana, die einst 10.000 Einwohner zählte, teilrekonstruiert. Liste des amphithéâtres romains truetrue. Between 1990 and 2004, the number of inhabitants rose from 16,930 to about 22,000. In addition, the cathedral was hit by Allied bombs and damaged heavily. The removal of the Klever Tor and a mill called Kriemhildmühle was prevented by a town councillor in 1843. After these events, the entire Jewish population fled Xanten. Thereupon a church was built at the Großer Markt (Great Marketplace), which was expanded with a spire in 1622. Xanten (German pronunciation: , Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.It is located in the district of Wesel.. ... Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana - Wikipedia . Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. door de Romeinen gebouwd bij de stad Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Het amfitheater werd gebruikt ter vermaak van de burgers in de stad en de Romeinse soldaten van het nabijgelegen Castra Vetera.De stad werd in 276 n.Chr. Um eine rund oder oval angelegte Arena steigen stufenweise Sitzreihen an. The borough Marienbaum, however, became the main place of pilgrimage on the Lower Rhine between 1430 and 1441. In 363, during the reign of Julian, the Christian Viktor of Xanten is supposed to have been executed together with 360 other members of the Theban Legion near the modern town of Birten for refusing to sacrifice to the Roman gods. Only graves from this time have been discovered. In 275 the colonia was almost destroyed by Germanic tribes. Date: 14 February 2005 (original upload date) Source: Transferred from nl.wikipedia to Commons. The term is often confused with Greek or Roman theatres (used for drama performances). Castra Vetera oder Xantum) ist eine Mittlere kreisangehörige Stadt des Kreises Wesel.Sie liegt im Nordwesten Nordrhein-Westfalens am unteren Niederrhein.In der unmittelbaren Nähe des Stadtkerns befanden sich vor etwa 2000 Jahren ein römisches Legionslager, Vetera sowie die Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Die Colonia wurde allerdings um 275 n. Chr. Xanten . Ein Amphitheater (griechisch amphi ‚um … herum‘) ist ein Rundtheater der Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar. Probleme der Identifizierung und Lokalisierung im frühen und hohen Mittelalter, in: Caelius und danach? The Canadian military lost, according to their own data, 400 soldiers in the fight against the defending Fallschirmjäger (paratroops) under the command of Eugen Meindl. 1981, ISBN 3-7611-0627-0 (Edition antike Welt). Xanten was administered within the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. Considered a martyr and a saint by the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Eastern Orthodox Church, Viktor of Xanten is commemorated in Xanten Cathedral, where his relics are kept in a shrine embedded in the high altar. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war eine typische Stein-erbaute kreisförmige theater, das zu einer größeren Stadt, wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana, die im zweiten Jahrhundert nach Christus. This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 19:01. (1901–1906). Foto: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 2.5. On 8 March 1945, Xanten was finally taken by Canadian troops. During this trial, it was found that the accusations were based on mere hearsay, and contained impossible assertions. Die Colonia Ulpia Traiana CUT war eine römische Stadt Colonia auf dem Gebiet des heutigen Xanten Nordrhein - Westfalen Sie bestand etwa von 100 bis According to the legend of the Nibelungs, the mythical Siegfried of Xanten was born ze Santen an dem Rhîne. Historical buildings in the town centre have been restored. Anti-Semitic agitation connected the Jewish butcher and former shoḥeṭ Adolf Buschoff with this crime, and the local priest, Father Bresser, lent support to this rumour by publishing articles on ritual murder in the paper Bote für Stadt und Land, which he edited. Numerous modern stadiums, multi-purpose halls, concert halls and theatre buildings, have also been named Amphitheater.For these, see Stadium, Theatre buildings, or Concert hall. After the destruction of Vetera a second camp became established at the Bislicher Insel, named Castra Vetera II, which became the base camp of Legio VI Victrix. Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre in Archäologischer Park Xanten First settlements by isolated tribes can be dated around the year 2000 BC. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed): (3,474 × 2,314 pixels, file size: 9.48 MB, MIME type: Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. On 29 June 1891, Johann Hegemann, the five-year-old son of a local cabinet maker, was found dead in a neighbour's barn, with his throat cut from ear to ear. Deutsch: Statue des Trajan vor dem Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana im Archäologischen Park Xanten. In 1905, Xanten had about thirty Jews out of a total population of 3,770. In 939 troops under Otto I, King of Germany defeated rebellious Franconian, Saxon and Lotharingian troops under Eberhard of Franconia in the Battle of Birten near Xanten. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) Gladiatorenkämpfe und Circusspiele.Atlantis-Verlag, Zürich u. a. In the 17th century Xanten was (along with Cleves) inherited by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. Big events include the Xantener Sommerfestspiele (a prestigious classical music festival lasting two weeks every summer from 1993 to 2012), the annual KleinMontMartre where artists from all over the world show their latest works as well as the annual German sandcastle-building championship. After the establishment of a convent to the south, what became today's town centre grew into existence. Parts of a nature reserve called Bislicher Inselare located in the municipality as well. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen.