In 1392 the northern part of the town came into the possession of the Dukes of Cleves, while the southern part remained with the Archbishopric of Cologne. Thereupon the town, 85% of which had already been destroyed, was occupied by British troops while the population was evacuated to Bedburg-Hau in preparation for the crossing of the Rhine near the town of Wesel. In 1460 a monastery of the Bridgettines was established, with an abbey church called St. Mariä Himmelfahrt (Assumption of Mary) which nowadays serves as a parish church. Considered a martyr and a saint by the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Eastern Orthodox Church, Viktor of Xanten is commemorated in Xanten Cathedral, where his relics are kept in a shrine embedded in the high altar. Parts of a nature reserve called Bislicher Inselare located in the municipality as well. At the beginning of the 5th century, assaults by Germanic tribes rapidly increased, with the result that Tricensimae was finally given up. Amphitheater in Xanten (Deutschland) Im Ar­chäo­lo­gi­schen Park Xan­ten wird die an­tike Stadt Co­lo­nia Ulpia Traiana, die einst 10.000 Ein­woh­ner zählte, teil­re­kon­stru­iert. English: The reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park in Xanten (Germany, NRW). It is located in the district of Wesel. haben musste. Vetera (auch: Vetera Castra; zuweilen in der älteren Literatur, auf Landkarten und umgangssprachlich auch Castra Vetera) war der Name für den Ort zweier zeitlich aufeinander folgender römischer Legionslager in der Provinz Germania inferior nahe dem heutigen Xanten am Niederrhein.Die Legionslager von Vetera gehörten zum Niedergermanischen Limes. While citizens of Xanten worked there at the beginning of the war, women and children, and especially foreigners were forced to perform hard labour at the plant as the war progressed. After these events, the entire Jewish population fled Xanten. In 1933, mayor Heinrich Wagner was locked up in a tower called the Meerturm, accused of alleged nepotism in the loan business. Date Among other schools there is one gymnasium (grammar school), the Stiftsgymnasium Xanten, and a private school for girls, the Marienschule, in Xanten. haben musste. [citation needed]. Literatur Allgemein. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.  51,66222 ° N 6,45389 ° E.  / Koordinaten: 51 ° 39'44 "N 06 ° 27'14" E.  /. haben musste. Historical buildings in the town centre have been restored. truetrue. At the Xantener Südsee and Xantener Nordsee, two lakes connected by a channel close to the localities Wardt and Vynen, the Freizeitzentrum Xanten (Xanten Leisure Center) was established in 1982. Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. Wappen: Lage von Xanten im Bezirk Wesel. Jean-Claude Golvin: L’ amphithéâtre romain.Essai sur la théorisation de sa forme et de ses fonctions. Deutsch: Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten. Xanten [ˈksantən] (lat. In the course of this argument, Stoecker, the ex-court chaplain, repeated the accusation of ritual murder, and hinted at Jewish influence as the cause of the failure to find the murderer (7 February 1892). |Source=Eigenes Werk (own work) |Author=[[User:Andy1982|An, Flash did not fire, compulsory flash suppression. Xanten . Bron: zelf gemaakt. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed): (3,474 × 2,314 pixels, file size: 9.48 MB, MIME type: Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. The following persons were born in Xanten or in the local boroughs of Xanten: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. Nicht anders wird es in Xanten gewesen sein, wo das Amphitheater im äußersten östlichen Winkel der Colonia errichtet wurde, um Lärm und Schmutz möglichst fernzuhalten von den dicht bebauten Wohnquartieren. The agitation in the anti-Semitic press, as well as at anti-semitic meetings, where it was insinuated that the Jews had bribed or intimidated the authorities in order to prevent the discovery of the truth, compelled the government to arrest Buschoff and his family (14 October 1891). Liste des amphithéâtres romains Der Archäologische Park Xanten ist ein Freilichtmuseum bei Xanten am Niederrhein. Xanten (German pronunciation: [ˈksantən], Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The area of the town increased from 8 km² to 72 km². The prosecuting attorney himself moved for the dismissal of the charge, and the jury rendered its verdict accordingly. The fully enclosed amphitheatre was a particular favourite of the Romans and evolved from the two-sided stadiums and semicircular theatres of ancient Greece. Parts of a nature reserve called Bislicher Insel are located in the municipality as well. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) For this town the old settlement was completely destroyed. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. During this trial, it was found that the accusations were based on mere hearsay, and contained impossible assertions. Viktor of Xanten or Saint Viktor is a martyr and saint of the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Church.Since the 12th century, his presumed bones have been kept in a shrine, which is embedded into the high altar of the Xanten Cathedral today. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. A nearby created settlement, which was inhabited by 10,000 to 15,000 former legionaries and others, was given the rights of a colonia in 110 AD by the Roman emperor Marcus Ulpius Traianus, who renamed the town Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Xanten, the only German town whose name begins with X[citation needed], is made up of three boroughs (Ortsteile): Hochbruch, Niederbruch, and the town centre. In September 1927, the Catholic Church municipality celebrated its 1,600th anniversary; in 1937 Pope Pius XI granted the right for the cathedral of St. Viktor to be called a basilica minor. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre in Archäologischer Park Xanten First settlements by isolated tribes can be dated around the year 2000 BC. Xanten had a Jewish community in early medieval times. Other localities (Bezirke) belonging to the town of Xanten include Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Vynen, Obermörmter, Wardt, Mörmter, Willich, Beek and Ursel. English: Inscription of 1983 at reconstructed Roman amphitheater, Xanten, Germany. Castra Vetera oder Xantum) ist eine Mittlere kreisangehörige Stadt des Kreises Wesel.Sie liegt im Nordwesten Nordrhein-Westfalens am unteren Niederrhein.In der unmittelbaren Nähe des Stadtkerns befanden sich vor etwa 2000 Jahren ein römisches Legionslager, Vetera sowie die Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Die Colonia wurde allerdings um 275 n. Chr. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the 20th century only 5% of the population were of Protestant denomination. In 1802, the Viktor-convent was secularized by Napoléon Bonaparte, and the libraries of closed monasteries and the convent library were merged. Ein Amphitheater (lateinisch amphitheatrum; von griechisch ἀμφιθέατρον) ist ein Rundtheater der römischen Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar. Amphitheater im LVR-Archäologischen Park in Xanten Amphitheater in Pompeji ... Amphitheater von Arles. On 15 July 1228, Xanten was given town rights by the Archbishop of Cologne, Heinrich of Molenark. Um eine rund oder oval angelegte Arena steigen stufenweise Sitzreihen an. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. Foto: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 2.5. Vetera (auch: Vetera Castra; zuweilen in der älteren Literatur, auf Landkarten und umgangssprachlich auch Castra Vetera) war der Name für den Ort zweier zeitlich aufeinander folgender römischer Legionslager in der Provinz Germania inferior nahe dem heutigen Xanten am Niederrhein.Die Legionslager von Vetera gehörten zum Niedergermanischen Limes. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/user:Andy1982, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, Wikipedia:Redaktion Altertum/Römischer Limes/Pictothek/Niedergermanischer Limes (Deutschland), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amphitheater_Xanten.jpg, {{Information |Description={{en|1=The reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park in Xanten (Germany, NRW).}} The river even flooded and destroyed the locality of Birten several times. Expellees from East Prussia were resettled in Xanten and caused the population to rise by almost 40%. Two massacres of Jews occurred during the First Crusade, on (1 and 27 June 1096). After the destruction of Vetera a second camp became established at the Bislicher Insel, named Castra Vetera II, which became the base camp of Legio VI Victrix. This included the destruction of the local prayer room and the devastation of several dwellings of Jewish inhabitants on Reichskristallnacht of 9 November 1938. Date: 1 May 2009, 12:34:33 (according to Exif data) Source: Own work: Author: Andy1982: Licensing. Der Archäologische Park Xanten (APX) ist ein Freilichtmuseum bei Xanten am Niederrhein (Nordrhein-Westfalen). In the 17th century Xanten was (along with Cleves) inherited by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Subsequently, in 310 in the area of the colonia a new town was established, named Tricensimae ("of the Thirtieth"), which was built on the nine central insula of the former colonia but fortified and more easily defended. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. LVR-Archäologischer Park Xanten liegt 530 Meter westlich von Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. Xanten, the only German town whose name begins with X,[2] is made up of three boroughs (Ortsteile): Hochbruch, Niederbruch, and the town centre. Ein Amphitheater (griechisch amphi ‚um … herum‘) ist ein Rundtheater der Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar. In the later part of the 19th century, there was a high-profile case of alleged ritual murder, also known as blood libel. [citation needed]. On 29 June 1891, Johann Hegemann, the five-year-old son of a local cabinet maker, was found dead in a neighbour's barn, with his throat cut from ear to ear. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. Date: 3 October 2010: Source: Own work: Author: Hartmann Linge: Permission (Reusing this file) Deutsch: Das Foto habe ich als Urheber unter der Creative-Commons-Lizenz CC-by-sa 3.0. veröffentlicht. Today, it is a popular destination for sailors. Artillery projectiles fired by German soldiers from the right bank of the Rhine further devastated Xanten at this time. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) The term is often confused with Greek or Roman theatres (used for drama performances). In the second half of the 8th century a church was built on the grounds of an old cemetery of the ancient Roman colony and called Sanctos (super Rhenum) (also mentioned as ad Sanctum). In 363, during the reign of Julian, the Christian Viktor of Xanten is supposed to have been executed together with 360 other members of the Theban Legion near the modern town of Birten for refusing to sacrifice to the Roman gods. Tradition states that Viktor was a Praefectus cohortis of a Cohort of the Theban Legion. L'Amphithéâtre de Xanten se situe dans la colonie romaine Colonia Ulpia Traiana, dans la province romaine de Germanie (actuellement Xanten, à l'extrême ouest de l'Allemagne, en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie). It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. L'Amphithéâtre de Xanten se situe dans la colonie romaine Colonia Ulpia Traiana, dans la province romaine de Germanie (actuellement Xanten, à l'extrême ouest de l'Allemagne, en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie). After the establishment of a convent to the south, what became today's town centre grew into existence. The Canadian military lost, according to their own data, 400 soldiers in the fight against the defending Fallschirmjäger (paratroops) under the command of Eugen Meindl. According to the legend of the Nibelungs, the mythical Siegfried of Xanten was born ze Santen an dem Rhîne. zerstört. Die Colonia Ulpia Traiana CUT war eine römische Stadt Colonia auf dem Gebiet des heutigen Xanten Nordrhein - Westfalen Sie bestand etwa von 100 bis His feast day is October 10. Boccard, Paris 1988 (Publications du Centre Pierre Paris 18, 1–2, Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war eine typische Stein-erbaute kreisförmige theater, das zu einer größeren Stadt, wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana, die im zweiten Jahrhundert nach Christus. Following the Battle of Andernach the same year the Rhineland was reaffirmed to the kingdom of Otto I. Numerous modern stadiums, multi-purpose halls, concert halls and theatre buildings, have also been named Amphitheater.For these, see Stadium, Theatre buildings, or Concert hall. Deutsch: Statue des Trajan vor dem Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana im Archäologischen Park Xanten. Reconstruction of the roman Amphitheatre in Xanten, based in the original foundations Media in category "Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre (APX)" The following 96 files are in this category, out of 96 total. The date and location of the first true amphitheatre are unknown, but the tradition of gladiator fights had roots in the Etruscan and Osco-Samnite cultures. Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. 2 Bände. In the 5th century the Franks began to settle in the area of today's Xanten, but no urban settlements have been found from this time as the Franks did not build in stone, unlike the Romans. In 2012, the Archaeological Park was expanded to nearly the whole area of the Roman colonia after Bundesstraße 57 was moved away from the area. Xanten . The removal of the Klever Tor and a mill called Kriemhildmühle was prevented by a town councillor in 1843. English: An Amphitheatre is an ancient Roman building used for spectator sports, games and displays. The evidence against the man, who had always borne a good reputation, was so flimsy, however, that he was discharged (20 December). The reconstruction of the town and the cathedral was influenced particularly by the archaeologist and monument conservationist Walter Bader, and lasted until 1966. Under pressure from this agitation, Buschoff was rearrested (8 February), and tried before a jury at Cleves (4–14 July 1892). After being taken by the Dukes of Cleves, in the wake of war and crop failure, the number of inhabitants slumped from 5,000 at the beginning of the 16th century to approximately 2,500 by the end of the 18th century. Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . For these, see Ancient theatres. When allied troops reached Xanten in February 1945, mayor Schöneborn left the town. Deutsch: Auf dem Bild sieht man das nachgebaute Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park Xanten der Römerstadt Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Xanten wikipedia. Eintrag zu Römisches Amphitheater in Birten in der Datenbank „KuLaDig“ des Landschaftsverbands Rheinland; Literatur. English: Reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park Xanten of the Roman city Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Funktion und Bezeichnung [Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. CC BY-SA 3.0 With him fled almost the entire town administration to areas to the east. Gladiatorenkämpfe und Circusspiele.Atlantis-Verlag, Zürich u. a. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. In the same month the bombardment of the town had begun, killing civilians and destroying parts of Xanten. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Eröffnet wurde er im Jahr 1977 und seitdem wiederholt erweitert. During the Second World War an ammunition factory of the Luftwaffe was established in a small forest close to the town, called Die Hees. In 1263 the foundation stone for the Gothic St. Victor cathedral was laid. The name of "place of saints" was derived from the assumed grave of the martyr Viktor of Xanten and is the source of today's municipal name of Xanten. Es ist die größte Veranstaltung war der Standort des alten Vorgänger-Stadt des heutigen Nordrhein-Westfalen, Xanten, war eine Ovale Arena untergebracht, dass 10.000 Menschen. As the local council of the Deutsche Zentrumspartei was dissolved, three of formerly eight town council members were group members of the NSDAP. 2018-08-25 APX GLAM 05.jpg 8,192 × 1,856; 3.29 MB. Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . Date: 14 February 2005 (original upload date) Source: Transferred from nl.wikipedia to Commons. On 28 November 1988, Xanten was granted the title of a Staatlich anerkannter Erholungsort (state-recognized leisure town) as the first such town in the region of Düsseldorf. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. Missing or empty |title= (help), Location of Xanten within Wesel district, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Set of Roman silvered-bronze horse trappings from Xanten, Diederich Franz Leonhard von Schlechtendal, Der Knabenmord in Xanten vor dem Schwurgericht zu Cleve vom 4. bis 14. In May 1940, the German 256th infantry division was transferred to Xanten to take part in the forthcoming invasion of the Netherlands. The agitation had the effect of reducing the Jewish population of the town, and Buschoff himself had to leave. On 8 March 1945, Xanten was finally taken by Canadian troops. Träger ist der Landschaftsverband Rheinland (LVR), der 1973 die Gründung des Parks beschlossen hat. Ein Amphitheater (lateinisch amphitheatrum; von altgriechisch ἀμφιθέατρον) ist ein Rundtheater der römischen Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar.Um eine rund oder oval angelegte Arena steigen stufenweise Sitzreihen an. Protestantism was placed on an equal footing with the Roman Catholic Church, as confirmed by the Treaty of Xanten on 12 November 1614. The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipali… When the crossing of the Rhine finally succeeded on 24 March 1945, the Second World War was over for Xanten. The Archäologischer Park Xanten is built on the site of the Roman town, and it is one of the most frequently visited parks in Germany. Liste des amphithéâtres romains door de Romeinen gebouwd bij de stad Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Het amfitheater werd gebruikt ter vermaak van de burgers in de stad en de Romeinse soldaten van het nabijgelegen Castra Vetera.De stad werd in 276 n.Chr. Only graves from this time have been discovered. 1981, ISBN 3-7611-0627-0 (Edition antike Welt). . Author: Hoyti002 at Dutch Wikipedia: Licensing . Dezember 2019", Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW, Livius.org: Xanten: Colonia Ulpia Traiana, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xanten&oldid=979954811, 10s BC establishments in the Roman Empire, Roman fortifications in Germania Inferior, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from German Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox German location with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2007, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ingo Runde: Bertuna, Beurtina, Biorzuna, Bierzuni, Biertana, Birten. The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipalities of Alpen and Sonsbeck to the south, and the towns of Uedem and Kalkar to the west. Xanten (German pronunciation: , Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.It is located in the district of Wesel.. ... Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana - Wikipedia . A town gate called the Marstor was torn down in 1821, and the Scharntor and parts of the town walls were removed in 1825. The colonia became the second most important commercial post in the province of Germania Inferior, surpassed only by Colonia Agrippinensis (today's Cologne). In addition, the cathedral was hit by Allied bombs and damaged heavily. Juli 1892, "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. In 275 the colonia was almost destroyed by Germanic tribes. In 1905, Xanten had about thirty Jews out of a total population of 3,770. The remaining opposition consisted of communists and liberal politicians lacking a clear political mandate. The Jewish Encyclopedia. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . While Xanten, with its rich Viktor Convent, was still being besieged by Norsemen in 863, in 1122 the place already appears as part of a trading network at the Lower Rhine. Thereupon a church was built at the Großer Markt (Great Marketplace), which was expanded with a spire in 1622. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. Prang had already created a local group of the NSDAP in 1925. Augusta Hönle, Anton Henze: Römische Amphitheater und Stadien. After that, the economic situation deteriorated more rapidly. In 1975, the Archäologischer Park Xanten (Xanten Archaeological Park), a partial reconstruction of the Roman Colonia Ulpia Traiana, was established and opened for tourism. By the beginning of the 21st century, the Protestant share of the population had increased to some 20%. By the end of the 14th century, Xanten was surrounded by a town wall. Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park, one of the largest archaeological open air museums in the world, built at the site of the Roman settlements Colonia Ulpia Traiana. door de Franken verwoest en … In the course of the local re-organization in 1969, the localities Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Obermörmter, Vynen and Wardt were integrated into Xanten, so that around 16,000 inhabitants lived within the town boundaries. On the latter occasion some Jews committed suicide in order to escape the fury of the Crusaders. In mitten der schönen Innenstadt von Xanten liegt das im Jahre 1647 erbaute Karthaus. Xanten is twinned with Geel in Belgium, Saintes in France, Salisbury in the United Kingdom and Beit Sahour in the Palestinian National Authority. Anti-Semitic agitation connected the Jewish butcher and former shoḥeṭ Adolf Buschoff with this crime, and the local priest, Father Bresser, lent support to this rumour by publishing articles on ritual murder in the paper Bote für Stadt und Land, which he edited. In 939 troops under Otto I, King of Germany defeated rebellious Franconian, Saxon and Lotharingian troops under Eberhard of Franconia in the Battle of Birten near Xanten. Das freie Gelände ringsum erleichterte den Zugang für die Besuchermassen. Between 1990 and 2004, the number of inhabitants rose from 16,930 to about 22,000. Koordinaten: 51 ° 39'44 "N 06 ° 27'14" E  /. This action aroused the anti-Semites to still stronger agitation, which culminated in a heated debate in the Prussian Diet. The Rhine had been a basis of Xanten's status as a trading town until the river bed shifted away from the town, causing its economic situation to deteriorate. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. 2018-08-25 APX GLAM 05.jpg 8,192 × 1,856; 3.29 MB. The following years saw harassment of the Jewish population of Xanten. After 281 years of construction it was finally completed in 1544. Nederlands: Het gedeeltelijk herbouwde amphitheater in het Archeologisch Park Xanten. The colonia was a completely new town with a town wall and other buildings like an amphitheater. This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 19:01. At the same time, the ruins of the Colonia Ulpia Traiana, which had been used as a quarry since the Roman settlement was given up, aroused the interest of archaeologists.