But really highlights what is important about the study for your paper. Eden Meirow is a full-time copywriter and part-time freelance writer. All you need to do then is share that opinion in a clear, cohesive way supported by evidence. When you read the articles and highlighted them, you were analyzing and evaluating information. Instead, you might have a general idea of a dish, but you would synthesize this information, balancing the price of ingredients with the demand from your customers, and knowing whether your staff had the time, knowledge, and resources to make it. Don’t try to cover every single point from every single source – the key to synthesizing is to extract the most important and relevant information and combine it to give your reader an overall picture of the state of knowledge on your topic. Simply Psychology. var idcomments_post_id; It’s important to note that, if you’re using other people’s ideas as evidence for your own, you should always cite your sources using whatever style guide your prof requires, such as APA or MLA format. While we may still talk about essays a little bit here, I’m going to show you how to synthesize information in a way that you can apply in a range of areas. If the literature covers various different topics, you can organize it thematically. Synthesis creatively fuses multiple elements, often from different areas, into something new and memorable. This skill is used in countless areas—from history to science—and can come in handy in both professional and personal settings. If you were a restaurant owner, you’d still have to know how to synthesize information. When we bake a cake, we combine all of the separate ingredients – eggs, flour, sugar, butter, etc – to make a new thing, a cake! By providing evidence in the form of quotations, testimonials, findings, or statistics from any of the above sources. Communicating and helping the reader better understand the sources, particularly in a greater depth. For example, when you report to a friend the things that several other friends have said about a song or movie, you are engaging in synthesis. Although Perez (2010) expanded on Franz's original study with a larger, more diverse sample... 4 Steps to synthesize information from different sources. We can make the subheadings in the “What to Watch For” section stand out by pulling them out to the left, and make the supplementary information more of a feature by pulling it out to the right: Next let’s tackle the fonts. As you can see, the synthesis skills you learn in school can help you in virtually any aspect of life. Summarizing and paraphrasing the information is the first step, but you need to be able to see—and explain—what unifies it. essay analyzing the symbolism of Yorrick’s skull in. How is synthesis different from summarizing? All too often, I hear that to synthesize information means to compile information. var idcomments_post_url; //GOOGLE SEARCH I sorted through the information to pick out themes and commonalities. Each row in the table lists one source, and each column identifies a specific part of the source. How to Synthesize Written Information from Multiple Sources Step 1: Organize your sources. However, if you read other critiques of Hamlet (and there are countless critiques out there), you may find other meanings, such as Hamlet’s destiny, or that no matter how useful, kind, funny, or charismatic a person may be in life, death and decay make the dead person useless. The definition of synthesis; What synthesis means in the context of writing assignments. If you’re drawing on literature from various different fields or they use a wide variety of research methods, you can organize your sources methodologically. On a basic level, synthesis requires the writer to pull together two or more summaries, looking for themes in … I also had to draw on information from other accounts and on industry knowledge of how digital marketing worked. Writing a literature review (in any subject)? But that is not synthesis. The questions should be general in A summary may lead to a synthesis, but it’s not where it stops. Summarizing and paraphrasing the information is the first step, but you need to be able to see—and explain—what unifies it. Fables are a useful genre for introducing synthesizing because of their short structure and straightforward messages. Do I discuss the similarities or differences between the sources, rather than summarizing each source in turn? There are so many professions that it’s hard to tell you exactly how to synthesize information in your future job. I had personal biases going into the essay because Louis is one of my favorite musicians. //Enter domain of site to search. !!! Now you should have a clear overview of the main connections and differences between the sources you’ve read. It is important for them to incorporate new information they gain from the text with they already understand and know. But simply finding the trends wasn’t enough. 9. You can decide which headings to include based on what’s most relevant to the literature you’re dealing with. See an example college essay written entirely through synthesis. As students read, they remember familiar information, create new thinking, discover original ideas, and achieve insight to new perspectives. Since they are able to put in into their own words and relate to prior knowledge it is more likely that they will recall and understand the information. Synthesis takes A + B + C, and then derives D, where D encompasses the essence of A, B, and C but also adds something new that resonates deeply with people. Then, for each source, you summarize the main points or arguments related to the theme. Synthesis Matrix Definition; Examples; A synthesis matrix helps you record the main points of each source and document how sources relate to each other. This allows you to group sources by relevant similarities, as well as noticing important differences or contradictions in their findings. Synthesis is a way of conveying important information about a specific subject. The aim of the Standard is to make sure that people who have a disability or sensory loss are given information in a way they understand, and communication support if they need function Gsitesearch(curobj){ curobj.q.value="site:"+domainroot+" "+curobj.qfront.value }. make their information accessible. It's simply a matter of making connections or putting things together. But you’d also need to know about trends in the restaurant industry, the cost/availability of ingredients, the amount of time it would take to make the dish, and your employees’ specific talents. The new ideas are the syntheses and are recorded in the “Synthesis” oval. You can draw on your personal knowledge of the material and of symbolism in general to conclude that the skull is a symbol of death. Record that information. However, that’s not a very good definition because it makes synthesizing too similar to summarizing. Goldstein (2012) looked at British undergraduates. Depending on your topic and the type of literature you’re dealing with, there are a couple of different ways you can organize this. Like any other piece of academic writing, synthesizing literature doesn’t happen all in one go – it involves redrafting, revising, editing and proofreading your work. How synthesizing looks in essays. Once I had the information organized, I could use the evidence I found from some of the sources to make my case. There are a lot of arguments in these fields, so you have a lot of evidence to draw upon no matter what your opinion. Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! She looked at 42 females and 50 males and found that males were significantly more inclined to use citation software (p < .05). You wouldn’t come up with the new menu item before you had all of this information. Additional writing tips to help you earn the highest possible score on college papers. Is the paragraph organized around a single idea? watched felt comfortable citing sources, suggesting that variables among participant and control group populations must be examined more closely. After synthesizing the data, other account information, and industry expertise, I was able to make changes and recommendations to help my clients perform their best. Step 2: Outline your structure. Before you can start writing, you need to organize your notes in a way that allows you to see the relationships between sources. Although Franz (2008) found The summary table gives you a quick overview of the key points of each source. For each study, you briefly summarize each of these aspects. Resources/Research: According to Bumgarner , “synthesizing aids reading comprehension because it requires students to put the new material into their own words and combine it with their prior knowledge” (Bumgarner, 2015). Regardless of whether you are synthesizing information fromprose sources,from laboratory data, or from tables and graphs, your preparation forthesynthesis will very likely involve comparison. So, mark all the information which is a definition in the same way, then all the examples, then the explanation, etc. Whether you’re synthesizing literature for an essay, a literature review, or any other paper, you should make sure you can answer yes to all of these questions. Simply writing a detailed summary of one article after another is not a synthesis. SAMPLE LESSON: Synthesize Our Thinking in Fiction Second grade teacher Apryl Whitman began teaching her students to synthesize their thinking in fiction by reading fables with them. Synthesizing is similar to baking a cake. It may involve analysis,as well, along with classification, and division as you work on yourorganization. Synthesize your Information Synthesize: combine separate elements to form a whole. However, others believed that, while he played up some stereotypes to get white audiences to let their guard down, his lyrics and personal philosophies were subversive. Good research papers should include at least quoting and paraphrasing and preferably also summarizing. Synthesis will be ultra important in that process as well. As you write your paragraphs, avoid quoting directly from sources: use your own words to explain the commonalities and differences that you found in the literature. Studies of undergraduate students reveal conflicting conclusions regarding relationships between advanced scholarly study and citation efficacy. I’ve worked as a digital marketing analyst, which was almost always synthesizing information. For shorter papers, your outline can just identify the focus of each paragraph; for longer papers, you might want to divide it into sections with headings. var pfHeaderImgUrl = 'https://www.simplypsychology.org/Simply-Psychology-Logo(2).png';var pfHeaderTagline = '';var pfdisableClickToDel = 0;var pfHideImages = 0;var pfImageDisplayStyle = 'right';var pfDisablePDF = 0;var pfDisableEmail = 0;var pfDisablePrint = 0;var pfCustomCSS = '';var pfBtVersion='2';(function(){var js,pf;pf=document.createElement('script');pf.type='text/javascript';pf.src='//cdn.printfriendly.com/printfriendly.js';document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(pf)})(); This workis licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.